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Conservation of Fine Art


As Art Conservators we preserve history.

There are primarily two methods commonly used in repairing a torn or punctured oil painting on canvas. The damaged area of the painting can be patched with a small piece of canvas at verso and a reversible conservation adhesive with application of heat, or the entire painting can be lined onto a new supporting canvas. Several factors should be considered to determine when patching may be a good choice for repairing a damaged oil painting and when a full lining of the entire canvas should be considered instead. Deciding which of the two treatments will best restore your piece depends on the size of the tear, the distortion of the tear from the impact and the overall condition of the painting. A conservator will be able to go over the options with you when making the decision free of cost.

Surface cleaning involves the use of cleaning agents to remove surface deposits that have accumulated on the picture layer over a period of time, causing darkening, discoloration and loss of gloss. With initial testing, and according to the nature of the surface pollutants to be removed, the surface can be treated either by “dry- cleaning” or by “wet-cleaning”. When dry cleaning a painting, the dirt is removed mechanically by friction, using specific vulcanized rubber erasers. During the wet cleaning process, a mixture of distilled water or mineral spirits and conservation cleaning solutions are used to remove the accumulated dirt particles. Both cleaning tactics are safe and harmless when performed by a conservator; allowing for a better enjoyment of a painting.

Lining is a process whereby a new canvas, linen or synthetic support is added to the verso of the original, deteriorating and compromised canvas in order to preserve it. It is also used for canvasses that have been torn, and paintings that have structural distortions, such as cupping, or cracks. The application of the new support is by a means of negative pressure on a lining, vacuum table with controlled heat and pressure. The adhesive used is activated by heat and it is reversible by a conservator.

Over 50 years of experience

With over fifty years experience, and while working with public institutions and galleries both in Canada and in Greece, we have obtained a deep knowledge and understanding of Art History and we treat all art with respect and care. We specialize in the conservation of fine art and objects.


what our clients say

“I experienced excellent customer service, expert workmanship in a professional and friendly atmosphere. I am so very grateful to have my oil painting beautifully restored.“

Susan Montgomery / - -

what our clients say

“XC Art called me to advise that I had overpaid for a restoration. They credited my account. How easy it would have been for them to ignore the overpayment. These folks showed integrity and decency. I am extremely impressed with their care.“

G Kallon / - -

what our clients say

“The best Art and Conservation Studio in Canada and broader!!!“

Mihajlo Vasiljevic / - -

for more information click here.

If you would like to call: 416-482-3133

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